Arbuthnot, John

(1667-1735)
   Physician and satirist, was b. in Kincardineshire, and after studying at Aberdeen and Oxford, took his degree of M.D. at St. Andrews. Settling in London, he taught mathematics. Being by a fortunate accident at Epsom, he was called in to prescribe for Prince George, who was suddenly taken ill there, and was so successful in his treatment that he was appointed his regular physician. This circumstance made his professional fortune, for his ability enabled him to take full advantage of it, and in 1705 he became physician to the Queen. He became the cherished friend of Swift and Pope, and himself gained a high reputation as a wit and man of letters. His principal works are the Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus, partly by Pope, but to which he was the chief contributor, the History of John Bull (1712), mainly against the Duke of Marlborough, A Treatise concerning the Altercation or Scolding of the Ancients, and the Art of Political Lying. He also wrote various medical treatises, and dissertations on ancient coins, weights, and measures. After the death of Queen Anne, A. lost his court appointments, but this, as well as more serious afflictions with which he was visited, he bore with serenity and dignity. He was an honourable and amiable man, one of the very few who seems to have retained the sincere regard of Swift, whose style he made the model of his own, with such success that writings by the one were sometimes attributed to the other: his Art of Political Lying is an example. He has, however, none of the ferocity of S.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Arbuthnot, John — born April 1667, Inverbervie, Scot. died Feb. 27, 1735, London, Eng. Scottish mathematician, physician, and satirist. His satirical writings include a political allegory, The History of John Bull (1712), that established John Bull as a… …   Universalium

  • Arbuthnot,John — Ar·buth·not (är bŭthʹnət, ärʹbəth nŏt ), John. 1667 1735. Scottish physician and writer noted for his satirical anti Whig pamphlets published as Law Is a Bottomless Pit (1712) and later retitled The History of John Bull. * * * …   Universalium

  • ARBUTHNOT, JOHN —    a physician and eminent literary man of the age of Queen Anne and her two successors, born in Kincardineshire, the friend of Swift and Pope and other lights of the time, much esteemed by them for his wit and kind heartedness, joint author with …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Arbuthnot, John — ► (1667 1735) Médico de cámara de la reina Ana de Inglaterra. Fundó el Scribblerus Club …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arbuthnot — Arbuthnot, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Arbuthnot — (* April 1667 in Inverbervie, Schottland; † 27. Februar 1735 in London) war ein schottischer Arzt, Mathematiker und Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arbuthnot (surname) — Arbuthnot or Arbuthnott is a Scottish surname, deriving from the village in Scotland from where members of the Arbuthnot family originated.People with the surname Arbuthnot or Arbuthnott;Multiple people *Alexander Arbuthnot *Arbuthnot Baronets… …   Wikipedia

  • John Arbuthnot — (29 de abril de 1667, Inverbervie 27 de febrero de 1735, Londres) fue un médico, escritor satírico y polímata, escocés. Sus mordaces escritos contienen cierta alegoría polític …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Bull — John Bullish. John Bullishness. John Bullism. 1. England; the English people. 2. the typical Englishman. [1705 15; named after John Bull, chief character in Arbuthnot s allegory The History of John Bull (1712)] * * * ▪ English symbol       in… …   Universalium

  • John Arbuthnot — For other people named John Arbuthnot, see John Arbuthnot (disambiguation). John Arbuthnot Portrait of John Arbuthnot by Godfrey Kneller Born 1667 (baptised on 29, April) Kincardineshire …   Wikipedia

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